How to Back up, Restore Your Windows 8 Start Screen Layout

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Windows 8 Start screen is the gateway to your PC and usually the first thing you see when you log in, unless you’ve chosen to go directly to the desktop. The update to Windows 8.1 also introduced many more customization options to the Start screen

Step 1: Open the Run dialog box by hitting Windows key + R.

Step 2: Type, “%LocalAppData%\Microsoft\Windows” and hit Enter to open Windows Explorer to the location of the Start screen layout files.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 3: Copy the files, “appsFolder.itemdata-ms” and “appsfolder.itemdata-ms.bak” to your backup folder.

If something happens to your Start screen layout and you want to restore it, just copy the backup files back to the original location and overwrite the files already in the folder.

That’s it. Now if your nephew or a friend comes over and they rearrange your Windows 8 Start screen, you can relax and restore it in just a few minutes.

Windows 8 Recover your system

Windows 8 has performed well for us, but if you find it won’t boot at some point then you now have to press Shift+F8 during the launch process to access its recovery tools.

Access the Troubleshoot menu, then Advanced Options, and you’ll be able to try the Automatic Repair tool, which may fix your problems. No luck? The same menu enables you to use the last System Restore point, tweak key Windows Startup settings, and even open a command prompt if you’d like to troubleshoot your system manually.

If that all seems like too much hassle then the Troubleshoot menu’s option to ‘Refresh your PC’ may be preferable, because it essentially reinstalls Windows 8 but keeps your files, and will fix many issues.

But if it doesn’t then there’s always the more drastic ‘Reset your PC’ option, which removes all your files and installs a fresh new copy of Windows 8.

You don’t have to access these features from the boot menu, of course. If Windows 8 starts but seems very unstable, then open the new Recovery applet in Control Panel for easy access to the Refresh, Reset and other disaster recovery features.

Speed up chkdsk (Windows 8)

 

 

 

If you suspect your Windows 8 system may have a corrupted hard drive, then you might be tempted to use the old chkdsk /f command. This does still work, but it’s horribly slow, and won’t do anything at all until you reboot. What’s more, it may no longer be necessary now.

Windows 8 now regularly runs chkdsk in the background, looking for problems, and recording them. And then, when run at boot time, it doesn’t have to scan every single sector of your hard drive. It just fixes the known problems, usually in a few seconds.

The first lesson here is that you probably won’t have to use chkdsk any more.

But if you want to try it anyway, don’t use chkdsk /f first. Enter chkdsk /spotfix instead, agree to run a check when you next reboot, then restart your PC and any fixes will be applied, much more quickly.

While this works most of the time, there are no guarantees. If you’re out of other options then you can still try chkdsk /f later.

Save bandwidth with windows 8

Set up lots of live tiles on the Start screen and you could find they’re using a lot of network bandwidth, which could perhaps become a problem if you’re running a slow or metered connection. But Windows 8 does offer one option that might help.

Click your network connection on the taskbar (or the Start Screen Charms bar), right-click your network connection in the list and select “Set as metered connection” (you’ll only see this with wireless adaptors). Windows will then limit what individual live tiles can do, while also downloading only priority Windows updates, and applying a few other restrictions. Right-click the connection again and select “Set as unmetered” to change it back.

 

 

 

Learn Windows key shortcuts

 

 

  • Win : switch between the Start screen and the last-running Windows 8 app
  • Win + C : displays the Charms: the Settings, Devices, Share and Search options
  • Win + D : launches the desktop
  • Win + E : launches Explorer
  • Win + F : opens the File Search pane
  • Win + H : opens the Share pane
  • Win + I : opens Settings
  • Win + K : opens the Devices pane
  • Win + L : locks your PC
  • Win + M : minimises the current Explorer or Internet Explorer window (works in the full-screen IE, too)
  • Win + O : toggles device orientation lock on and off
  • Win + P : switch your display to a second display or projector
  • Win + Q : open the App Search pane
  • Win + R : opens the Run box
  • Win + U : open the Ease of Access Centre
  • Win + V : cycle through toasts (notifications)
  • Win + W : search your system settings (type POWER for links to all power-related options, say)
  • Win + X : displays a text menu of useful Windows tools and applets
  • Win + Z : displays the right-click context menu when in a full-screen app
  • Win + + : launch Magnifier and zoom in
  • Win + – : zoom out
  • Win + , : Aero peek at the desktop
  • Win + Enter : launch Narrator
  • Win + PgUp : move the current screen to the left-hand monitor
  • Win + PgDn : move the current screen to the right-hand monitor
  • Win + PrtSc : capture the current screen and save it to your Pictures folder
  • Win + Tab : switch between running apps
  • Get Hyper-V Virtual Machine Process ID and GUID

    Copy the following command and enter it in a PowerShell window with elevated credentials:

    Get-WmiObject -Namespace root\virtualization -class msvm_computersystem | select elementname, operationalstatus, processid, name| ft -auto

    For example:

    How do I move an incomplete download to another computer?

     

     

     

     

    The torrent history is saved in resume.dat stored in %appdata%\utorrent.

    A quick solution is to move the partial files (if you want to store on your new HD of course) then the folder %appdata%\utorrent to the new HD. Then you edit resume.dat with http://forum.utorrent.com/viewtopic.php?id=31306 by using the function ‘find/replace’ to change the path or drive letter if something changed.

    Then you start uT, it should resume your torrents.

    The IIS Admin Service service terminated with service-specific error 2149648394 (0x8021080A)

    The IIS Admin Service service terminated with service-specific error 2149648394 (0x8021080A).

    IIS Admin Service goes away after restoring a VHD / VPC Server

    I recently had the unexpected pleasure of losing my IIS Admin server – altogether!!! Translate – 150% !!!

    Now, before this – everything was going great – except. During an upgrade of MOSS (Microsoft Office SharePoint Server) I encounted an issue that forced me to restore a VPC image – essentially bringing over another copy of the VHD and firing the server back up.

    Interstingly, during that reboot – which for all intents should have gone fine – I see a hoard of DSKCHK processes running. Invariably, something got out of wack on the NTFS volumn between my shutting the image down and bringing it back up. During the ‘fixing’ process – a number of files invaribly can become corrupt – and the Metabase.xml – the blood-life of your IIS Admin service – is no exception. SO

    Check in C:\Windows\System32\Inetsrv and you’ll find a ‘History’ folder. Within here – hopefully – you’ll find fairly recent backups of the Metabase.XML and MBSchema.XML objects. Before doing the following – be sure to backup the existing Metabase.xml and MBSchema.xml from C:\Windows\System32\Inetsrv first.

    Now, rename a recent backup from the ‘History’ folder – renaming a recently Metabase.XML object, and then a recent MBSchema.XML object. Copy / Paste each of these to the C:\Windows\System32\Inetsrv.

    Ahh, not quite done.

    Now do a IISRESET from a command prompt.

    Hopefully this will get you back to where you need to be.

    (source)

    Install stuck at “setup is preparing your computer for first use”…

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1) I clicked SHIFT+F10 to get a command prompt, then typed in devmgmt.msc to get the device manager. It will have the unknown or devices without drivers expanded. I disabled some but I also found that you can install drivers too. If you have all your manufacturer drivers on a USB stick then just right-mouse and select update driver and then browse to the root of your USB stick e.g. E:\ and have it search subdirectories and it should find the right driver for that device.

    —-and at the same time I..

    2)   typed in taskmgr.exe to get the Task Manager and in  the processes list I killed any running msiexec.exe processes and cmd.exe command prompts if they looked like they were hung i.e. no CPU and the disk light on the Laptop wasn’t really running. This step 2) is the most important step as it seemed to allow the first use setup to step on.

    The install then quickly finished the “setup is preparing your computer for first use” stage and I got the username, hostname and so-on questions.

    The SHIFT+F10 trick and using the devmgmr.msc and taskmgr.exe works at any stage from the “setup is preparing your computer for first use” display onwards because Windows is actually running only services haven’t started and the hostname and account details haven’t been created.

    Virus set my files in all drive to hidden

    Steps 1

    1. Go to Start > Run > type cmd
    2. Dos will open type cd\
    3. Now type the drive letter in which you want to Unhide the files lets suppose in my case its E: this will open the E: drive
    4. If you want to see all hidden files and folders   type E:\>dir/ah
    5. Now type attrib *. -h -s /s /d
    6. Now close cmd using exit command

    Steps 2 (folder by folder)

    1. Go to Start > Run > type cmd
    2. Dos will open type cd\
    3. Now type the drive letter in which you want to Unhide the files lets suppose in my case its E: this will open the E: drive
    4. If you want to see all hidden files and folders   type E:\>dir/ah (*you will now see the files/folders with hidden attributes )
    5. Type “attrib [name of file/folder] -r -a -s -h” if you’re going to unhide files, you should type the whole name plus the extension (example: attrib banner.psd -r -a -s -h)
    6. Now check you  drive.. it should be there