How to get full PC memory specs (speed, size, type, part number, form factor) on Windows 10/11

Check all memory details

The above commands help you to determine the most useful information about the RAM installed on your computer. However, there is another command you can use to query all the available details at the same time.

To view all the memory details on Windows 10/11, then use these steps:

  1. Open Start.
  2. Type Command Prompt, right-click the top result, and select the Run as administrator option.
  3. Type the following command to list every memory detail possible and press Enter
    wmic memorychip list full

  4. Confirm the available information for each memory module installed on the device.
  5. (Optional) Type the following command to view only the specific details and press Enter
    wmic memorychip get devicelocator, manufacturer, partnumber, serialnumber, capacity, speed, memorytype, formfactor

Supported types

Memory types the command can identify:

  • 0: Unknown.
  • 1: Other.
  • 2: DRAM.
  • 3: Synchronous DRAM.
  • 4: Cache DRAM.
  • 5: EDO.
  • 6: EDRAM.
  • 7: VRAM.
  • 8: SRAM.
  • 9: RAM.
  • 10: ROM.
  • 11: Flash.
  • 12: EEPROM.
  • 13: FEPROM.
  • 14: EPROM.
  • 15: CDRAM.
  • 16: 3DRAM.
  • 17: SDRAM.
  • 18: SGRAM.
  • 19: RDRAM.
  • 20: DDR.
  • 21: DDR2.
  • 22: DDR2 FB-DIMM.
  • 24: DDR3.
  • 25: FBD2.
  • 26: DDR4.

Supported form factors

Form factors the command can identify:

  • 0: Unknown.
  • 1: Other.
  • 2: SIP.
  • 3: DIP.
  • 4: ZIP.
  • 5: SOJ
  • 6: Proprietary.
  • 7: SIMM.
  • 8: DIMM.
  • 9: TSOP.
  • 10: PGA.
  • 11: RIMM.
  • 12: SODIMM.
  • 13: SRIMM.
  • 14: SMD.
  • 15: SSMP.
  • 16: QFP.
  • 17: TQFP.
  • 18: SOIC.
  • 19: LCC.
  • 20: PLCC.
  • 21: BGA.
  • 22: FPBGA.
  • 23: LGA.
  • 24: FB-DIMM.

HDMI vs DisplayPort | Specifications (Resolution, Refresh Rate, and Bandwidth)

 VersionBandwidthResolutionRefresh rate
HDMI1.0-1.24.95 Gbps1080p60 Hz
 1.3-1.410.2 Gbps1080p144 Hz
   4K30 Hz
 218.0 Gbps1080p240 Hz
   4K60 Hz
 2.148 Gbps4K144 Hz
 1.0-1.110.8 Gbps1080p144 Hz
   4K30 Hz.
 1.221.6 Gbps1080p240 Hz
   4K75 Hz
 1.332.4 Gbps1080p360 Hz
   4K120 Hz
   5K60 Hz
   8K30 Hz
 1.432.4 Gbps8K60 Hz HDR
 280.0 Gbps16K60 Hz HDR
   10KHDR off at 80 Hz
as of 2021

CPU Coolers Performance | i5-13400 / i5-13600k / i9-13900k


Source | LTT

How to Enable Drag and Drop in Windows 11 Using Registry

Enable Drag and Drop using Windows Registry Editor

SPECIAL NOTE* After This registry entry some times start menu will not work with latest build’s of Windows 11 like mine was 21H2 (OS Build 2200.739), if that happened to you just delete the added registry and and reboot.

You can enable and adjust the drag and drop sensitivity settings in Windows by creating a system restore point in the Windows Registry Editor. For example, to enable drag and drop in Windows 11 using the Windows Registry Editor, follow the given steps.

  1. Press Windows + R on your keyboard
  2. This will open the Run command box. 
  3. In the command box, type in the following command “regedit” and press OK.
  4. The Windows Registry Editor is now visible on your screen
  5. Now, navigate to the below-mentioned path
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Shell \Update\Packages

6 Now, right-click on the blank white space on the right navigation pane
7 Here, choose New > DWORD (32-bit) Value. 
8 This will create a new value in the registry editor
9 Right-click on this newly created value file
10 Choose Rename
11 Rename this value file as follows UndockingDisabled
12 Right-click on UndockingDisabled
13 Select Modify
14 Now, change the value to 0 to 1
15 Click OK to save the settings 

Now restart your computer. After restart, you will notice the taskbar will appear same as like in Windows 10 and the drag and drop functionality feature will now be restored on your computer. 

Copy members from one Active directory group to another

How to copy members from security group to distribution groups or the other way around? This is how to copy members from one AD group to another with PowerShell.

In our example, we like to copy the users from the AD group Group-A to another AD group Group-B.

To copy members from one AD group to another will work for all group scopes and group types:

  • Group scope: Domain local / Global / Universal
  • Group type: Security / Distribution

Copy members from one AD group to another with PowerShell

PS C:\> Get-ADGroupMember -Identity "Group-A" | ForEach-Object {Add-ADGroupMember -Identity "Group-B" -Members $_.distinguishedName}

All Users Desktop Folder in Windows Server 2016/2019

If you want to copy some shortcuts or files to all users desktop in server 2016/2019. specially if your configuring a remote desktop session host server and you want to copy company applications short cuts to all users in previous versions c:\users\all users\desktop is not available on these server editions.

in Server 2019 and 2016 its available in


If you cannot see the desktop Folder tick show hidden items from windows explorer ribbon 


To find out the directory for your system run Following command in a PowerShell prompt:


Arcserve RHA ER00105 Unable to send file (file to send unable to be open)

ER00105 976683 Error 2/10/2022 12:24:30 PM Unable to send file D:/Program Files/CA/ARCserve RHA/Engine/tmp/spool/1222255101_2/bl_sync_1196825767.rqv to (file to send unable to be open)

Arcserve Official link for this error ID but in my case this is not worked for me. This is how it fixed for me

1 Stop Scenario

2 Change spool directory path on reported server

3 Start scenario

Get Windows 10 Context Menu in Windows 11

Open Command Prompt and run bellow command. and reboot the computer or go to task manager and restart “windows explorer” process

To Get Old Context Menu:

reg.exe add “HKCU\Software\Classes\CLSID\{86ca1aa0-34aa-4e8b-a509-50c905bae2a2}\InprocServer32” /f /ve

If you need to get back the New Context Menu:

reg.exe delete “HKCU\Software\Classes\CLSID\{86ca1aa0-34aa-4e8b-a509-50c905bae2a2}” /f

bypass Windows 11 TPM 2.0 requirement

UPDATE 2023-November

HUGE GROUND BREAKING DISCOVERY! To ALL users that don’t meet the artificial requirements for Windows 11, I GOT SOME GREAT NEWS TO SHARE! When adding “/product server” switch to setup.exe in the Windows 11 setup directory, it BYPASSES the Windows 11 hardware requirement checks.

Method: Modify Registry

This method involves simply editing Windows Registry during the installation process of the new operating system. On unsupported devices, if you try to install the new OS, a message will appear on your screen stating that the computer isn’t compatible.

At that screen, you need to press Shift+F10 to open Command Prompt window and modify the registry. In Command Prompt, you need to run regedit.exe and create a new key “LabConfig” under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Setup. In the “LabConfig” key, create two new entries:

  • BypassTPMCheck=dword:00000001
  • BypassSecureBootCheck=dword:00000001

Save the changes and compatibility errors will disappear.

Update | 2021 – October – 06

The fix itself is fairly straightforward too. Simply hit Win+r and type regedit to bring up the registry editor. Make your way to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Setup\MoSetup and then right-click the main panel and create a new DWORD (32-bit) Value with a name of AllowUpgradesWithUnsupportedTPMOrCPU and set its value to 1

Server 2019 Black Screen on RDP with Domain Administrator account

I had this problem today morning with a newly installed 2019 server. it was working find until connect to domain.after joined to domain i cannot login to server with domain administrator account via RDP i just get a blank black screen.only task manager was working. after researching trying many ways this is how i manage fixed the problem

Change following setting in local GPO:

Computer Configuration->Windows Settings->Security Settings->Local Policies->Security Options

Enable “User Account Control: Admin Approval Mode for the Built-in Administrator account” which is set to “Not Defined”

After that do a gpupdate /force and try to login as domain administrator again

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